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Apnea trip to Komodo
A snorkeling trip to Komodo on a seafari cruise:
- 8 days / 7 nights
- International flight
- Komodo Dragon Watch Walk
- Full board and water excluding drinks
- Apnea Instructor Guide
- Conservation taxes
Snorkeling trip in Komodo National Park
Komodo National Park is located in Indonesia, in the Sunda Small Islands, on the border of the provinces of the Western Sunda Small Islands and the Eastern Sunda Small Islands.
The National Park includes the three large islands of Komodo, Rinca and Padar, as well as many smaller ones. The total area of the park is 1,817 km2 , with a land area of 603 km2.
The national park was established in 1980 with the aim of protecting the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) and cetaceans. The objective was later extended to protect the flora and fauna of the region, including in maritime areas.
The islands of the national park are of volcanic origin and are inhabited by 4,000 people. In 1991, the park was inscribed on the World Heritage List and has been a biosphere reserve by UNESCO since 1977.
The Komodo dragon
The Komodo Dragon or Komodo Varan (Varanus komodoensis) is a species of varan found on the islands of Komodo, Rinca, Florès, Gili Motang and Gili Dasami in central Indonesia. A member of the family Varanidae, it is the largest living species of lizard, with an average length of 2 to 3 meters and a mass of about 70 kg. Its unusual size is sometimes attributed to the island's gigantic size, as there are no other carnivorous animals in its natural habitat that can occupy or share its ecological niche, as well as its low energy requirements. It is possible that this animal is, on the contrary, a dwarf form of the Megalania, a giant 8-metre-long varan that lived in Australia at least until the arrival of the first Aborigines. Because of their size, these monitors, with the help of symbiotic bacteria, dominate the ecosystems in which they live. Although Komodo dragons eat mainly carrion, they also feed on the animals they hunt (invertebrates, birds or mammals).
Dragons mate between May and June and eggs are laid in September. The female lays about 20 eggs in abandoned megapod nests where they incubate for seven to eight months. Hatching takes place in April, when insects are most abundant. The young are vulnerable and must take refuge in trees, away from the cannibal adults. They take about three to five years to reach adulthood and can live up to fifty years. They are among the few vertebrates capable of parthenogenesis, a mode of reproduction in which females can lay viable eggs in the absence of males6. However, parthenogenesis also occurs in other lizards.
The Komodo dragons were discovered by Western scientists in 1910. Their large size and reputation as fearsome animals made them popular in zoos. In the wild, their range has been reduced due to human activities and they are considered threatened by the IUCN. They are protected under Indonesian law and a national park, Komodo National Park, was established to promote their protection.